There are but three key ingredients for owning healthy happy birds. Give your birds clean water daily, a portioned supply of healthy feed, and a clean enviroment. These three main ingredients will cut the risk of having sick birds down tremendously. However, even the cleanest well fed and watered flock will encounter some health challenges. Knowing what to do in such an event will assure that this challenge is quickly eradicated.
Poultry owners should always be aware of their flock of birds. Know their personality and be alert to look at your birds individually when visiting the pens. Catching the first signs of any health issue early is the key to stopping that issue from spreading or destroying your birds. This page is dedicated to keeping birds healthy.
HPBAA recommends that you follow your State Department of Agriculture guidelines for reporting all diseases in your flock. We also recommend that you stop use of any of the listed drugs due to adverse effects and contact your State Veternarian Office immediately.
Chronic Respiratory Disease: Run LS-50 for 1st 14 days of life; 1 shot (.5cc subcutaneous) @ 7 days. Wait at least 4 weeks for 2nd booster. Annual booster.
Coryza: Give 1st shot (.5cc intramuscular) @ 3 weeks old.
Wait 4 weeks before 2nd vaccination. Annual booster.
Mareks Disease: Give .2ml subcutaneously at 1 day old. Vaccine is not useful after one day of age.
Poxine: Vaccinate with web pricking needle provided with vaccine anytime after 6 weeks of age to prevent fowl pox. Annual booster.
Newcastle-Bronchitis: Vaccinate at 1 day old or older by mixing vaccine in drinking water or intranasal/intraocular. Effective for 90 days only.
Diseases & Treatments:
HPBAA advises that the use of any of the following antibiotics, wormers, or treatments may result in reduced fertility & egg production. It is recommended that eggs laid by hens under any of the following treatments be discarded. Do not cook them and feed them back to the birds. Do not stop treatment when symptoms subside. Finish the full treatment program. All water soluables are to be done daily unless otherwise specified and other water sources should be eliminated to allow proper doses to your birds.
Chronic Respiratory Disease (CRD) Antibiotics:
Omnimycin: Drop 1/2 cc in mouth every day for 3 to 5 days.
Tylan 50: Inject 1/2 cc subcutaneously (under the skin with a needle) and 1/2 cc in the breast every day for 7 to 10 days. Tylan 50 also comes in water soluable form at 1 teaspoon per gallon of water daily for a minimum of 7 to 10 days.
Spectram: Inject 1/2 cc subcutaneously and 1/2 cc in the breast every day for 7 to 10 days.
Gallimycin/Erymycin: Mix 1/2 to 2 teaspoons per gallon of water daily depending upon severity of CRD symptoms. Minimum of 10 to 14 days of use recommended.
LS 50: Mix 1 teaspoon per gallon of water daily for 7 to 10 days minimum.
Denaguard 50 for Swine: Mix 1 table spoon per gallon of water daily with 1 table spoon of cranberry juice to assure birds consume solution.
General or Unknown Disease Antibiotics:
HPBAA advises that you seek the assistance of your State Veternarian for any unknown diseases.
Terramycin: Mix 1 tablespoon per gallon of water daily for 10 to 14 days minimum. Mix with Cranberry juice to help birds drink the solution.
LA-200/Duravet 72 200: Drop 1 cc orally & inject 1 cc intramuscular twice daily for 5 to 7 days. Broad spectrum time release antibiotic.
Aureomycin/CTC: 1 tablespoon per gallon of water daily for 10 to 14 days minimum. Combine with 1/2 teaspoon vitamin or 1 cup cranberry juice. May be combined with 1/2 to 2 teaspoons Erymycin for respiratory problems.
Coccidiosis or Diahrea:
Corid: 1 teaspoon per gallon of water daily for 3 days. Follow by 3 days of ASP 3 days of Dimevitamins, then thox at 1 teaspoon per gallon of water.
Bacitracin/Solutracin: 1 teaspoon per gallon of water daily combined with 1/2 teaspoon Neomycin (Neo Sol) for 5 to 7 days to treat intestinal problems and diahrea.
Sulfadimethoxine Soluable (Sul-Met): 1 teaspoon per gallon of water daily for coccidiosis, coryza, e-coli, & salmonella.
Fishzole: 1 tablet per day to help treat canker (mouth sores).
Wounds & Infections:
Penicillin Antibiotic: Inject 1/2 cc subcutaneously for 3 to 5 days for wound infection. Use 3 ccs orally for cholera.
Fish Mox (Aquarium Pennicillian): 1 capsule per day for 5 days for wounds and infections.
Anti-Pick Lotion: Apply topically to reduce feather picking. Also assists existing pick wounds to heal.
Chalk: Apply to spur or and broken nails of birds to assist clotting and stop bleeding.
Ivomec: (Ivermectin 1% injectable) 1/8 to 1/4 cc orally for round, cecal, gape, capillary, lung, & stomach worms. Does not kill tapeworms.
Valbazen: Drop 1/8 to 1/4 cc orally for tape worms. Does not kill round or cecal worms.
Wormazole: 1 tablet and then repeat 10 days for treatment of round, cecal, & tapeworms.
Wazine 17 % or 34%: (Piperazine) Mix 1 oz. per gallon of fresh drinking water if using 17% or one half ounce per gallon of water if using 34% daily to treat 50 birds over 6 weeks of age. Follow label directions for repeat treatments & length of treatment, for roundworms.
Levasole Bolus (Labeled for Sheep/Goats/Cattle): Disolve one bolus labeled for sheep or goat use per gallon of water one time. Eliminates all types of worms.
Copper Sulfate: Mix 1/8 teaspoon per gallon of water 1 to 2 days monthly to kill algea and protozoans in water.
VetRx: Use for CRD, leg mites, ear mites, stress, comb damage, ect. A little of this goes a long way and will not hurt your birds. HPBAA highly recommends this product with the use of all other treatment plans. This product will increase appetite, fertility, and vigor. See the directions on the insert for detailed uses. Excellent product.
Lice & Mites:
Permethrin 10%: Use proper protective gloves, long sleeved shirt, and eye protection as recommended on product label while mixing and using this product. Mix 2 1/2 tablespoons per 2 gallons of water. Mix product in a 5 gallon buck in 5 gallon amounts. Dip entire bird up to the base of the head where ear hole is located. In winter months, pour product in a spray dispenser bottle and use on vent and undercarriage areas only. Avoid direct weather until bird is dry.
Red Cote w/Dauber: Apply liberally to legs to prevent and treat scaly leg. Will also enhance leg condition and color. VetRX is also reccomended for this same treatment.
Scarlet Oil Spray: Apply liberally to the legs to prevent and treat scaly leg mite. Enhances leg color and condition.